November 20

School GroupMonday, November 20, was a Mexican national holiday which commemorates the November 20, 1910 commencement of the revolution that defeated the 30 year dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz.

Diaz, like most dictators, professed his support for democracy and the formation of opposition political parties, telling a USA reporter in 1908 “I welcome an opposition party in the Mexican Republic,” he said. “If it appears, I will regard it as a blessing, not as an evil.”

Francisco I. Madero took Diaz at his word and in early 1909 formed the AntiRevolutionary Fighters Reelectionist Party. Madero, from a wealthy family, had studied in France and the USA and opposed Diaz’s reelection and advocated democracy through a series of newspaper articles. He was selected by the Anti Reelectionist party to run again Diaz in the 1910 election.

Despite his professed support for democracy and fair elections, Diaz had Madero imprisoned before the election, and it was there Madero learned that Diaz had once again, through apparently clearly fraudulent means, declared himself to have beenreelected.

Drill TeamOn November 20, 1910 Madero declared the election invalid, called for a national insurrection, and appointed provisional governors. Immediately, uprisings took place in a number of cities around the nation led by Pancho Villa, Emiliano Zapata, and others. Diaz was driven from power and Madero was elected as president in new elections in 1911, though political ferment continued and Madero was ultimately assassinated by elements of the military.


The celebration Monday here included speeches in front the state government building and a grand parade which lasted over two hours and which was composed mostly of school children of all ages.


The students from various schools marched through the parade route in their school uniforms or costumes performing drill team maneuvers to music provided by a sound truck preceding the group. Most of the student groups were in their school uniforms but some were in traditional dress or were dressed as revolutionary fighters equipped with wooden rifles. There were also groups of adult students; representing various adult education programs; senior citizen groups also performing drills generally a bit more subdued than the children; police officers marching; police officers on motorcycles; police officers with horses; fire fighters performing acrobatic stunts off the ladder truck into the bed of a pickup; and various other groups.

Little GirlThe staging area for the parade was a block and a half from my apartment so I was able to occupy a good spot for photographing. This little cutie was watching with her parents next to from where I was watching.






Filed under Blogroll, Travel

2 responses to “November 20

  1. Chris,

    Very cute kid with the hat ;-) Say, thanks for placing a link to the Xalapa Yahoo Group site on your Blog. Currently, we have your site on our Home Page near the bottom as a related site. Also, you are listed in the “Links” section under “Blogs.”

    May you have much success in your new venture of living in Xalapa. We hope to do the same in about 14 months.

  2. Hi Stephen,

    Thanks for checking in and for your kind comments.

    And thanks to you and Marie for putting the Visit Xalapa Yahoo group together. I also recently posted five photos of Xalapa there.

    I thought it was pretty cool that the eyes of whatever creature that is on the little girls hat were facing the same direction as hers. She was quite fascinated with the camera and seemed to spend more time watching the people watching the parade than watching the parade itself.

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